SPM has a nice feature to plot the frequency domain of a signal. You can use it, for example, when you click on “Review” and - after you selected an SPM.mat file - on “Design” - “Explore” - “Session 1″ - Regressor. The corresponding function can be found in spm_fMRI_design_show.m in line 90ff.

To call this plot directly from the Matlab console e.g. in order to visualize the frequency domain of extracted VOIs, I copied the code into a separate m-file function, which looks like this:

function fft_gui(signal, rt, HPF) gX = abs(fft(signal)).^2; gX = gX*diag(1./sum(gX)); q = size(gX,1); Hz = [0:(q - 1)]/(q*rt); q = 2:fix(q/2); plot(Hz(q),gX(q,:)) patch([0 1 1 0]/HPF,[0 0 1 1]*max(max(gX)),[1 1 1]*.9); xlabel(’Frequency (Hz)’) ylabel(’relative spectral density’) title(['Frequency domain',sprintf('\n'), ' {\bf',num2str(HPF),'}', ... ' second High-pass filter'],’Interpreter’,'Tex’); grid on axis tight

To display the frequency domain of a signal, just call this function with the appropriate RT and high-pass filter value, e.g.:

signal = (sin((1:100)*0.8)+sin((1:100)*1.4) + sin((1:100)*2))'; fft_gui(signal, 3, 128) 